The Cayley crest
Sir William Cayley, the 2nd baronet (d. 1708), and his wife Mary née Holbech, had 12 children:
William Cayley (c.1653-1665)
Arthur Cayley, 3rd baronet (c.1655-1727), who studied at Gray's Inn in London and was Alderman of Scarborough in 1684
Edward Cayley (b. about 1656)
Barnabas Cayley (b. 1657)
Thomas Cayley (b. 1658)
Charles Cayley (born c.1660)
Simon Cayley (born c.1661), who studied at Emmanuel College, Cambridge, went into the church, and became rector of Malden and Ampthill in Bedfordshire. He died from a fall from his horse. His wife's first name was Susan and they had at least five children:
- Mary Cayley (born c.1700), who married William Illingworth in 1729
- Arthur Cayley (born c.1702), a Yorkshire clerggyman who studied at St John's College, Cambridge, and
was vicar of Brompton 1728-35, rector of Cowlam 1735-57, and rector of Easington 1757-1761. In Fenruary
1742/3 he married Susan Dickinson, from a Whitby family. They had children, but details are not available.
- John Cayley, who according to one of the Yorkshire pedigrees was a British Consul - though where has not
- Simon Cayley, born c. 1703
- William Cayley (c.1700-1768), who was a diplomat, being British Consul at Lisbon 1725, Cadiz 1726-39,
and Faro in Portugal 1739-46. he then returned to England. He was MP for Dover 1752-5, and a
Commissioner of Excise from 1755 to 1767 when he
resigned due to ill-health. He married and had one daughter.
Henry Cayley (born c.1663)
Dorothy Cayley (c.1664-1735), who in 1695 married Sir John Legard, 2nd baronet of Ganton (c.1659 - 1715) They had at least 7 children, one of whom, Mary Legard (c.1697-1770), married Roger Nowell from a Lancashire family: one of Mary's and Robert's daughters married a Cayley cousin, the Rev John Cayley, a grandson of Arthur Cayley, the third son of Sir William Cayley, 1st baronet.
John Cayley (born c.1666), who studied at Sidney College, Cambridge, and was a priest at Berkswell, Warwickshire before becoming vicar of Brompton, Yorkshire
Mary Cayley, who died in infancy in 1668
Hester Cayley (born c.1673), who in 1696 married Reginald Heber (c.1675-1715) of Marton and Stainton, Yorkshire, and from whom descended Bishop Reginald Heber, a 19th-century Bishop of Calcutta and author of some well-known hymns. The Hebers intermarried with members of the Nowell and Allanson families, both linked by marriage to the Cayleys.
Sir Arthur Cayley, the 3rd baronet, married Diana Everilda Thornhill (c.1680-1753), daughter of Sir John Thornhill of Fixby, Yorkshire (a major in the royalist army in the Civil War, who was one of those made a baronet after the Restoration) and Everilda Wentworth. They had four children:
William Cayley (1700-1719)
Arthur Cayley (born c.1710)
Sir George Cayley, 4th baronet (c.1707-1791), of whom one of his great-granddaughters said, "his religious opinions were sceptical, some of his sayings on this subject are better left unrecorded..... He was supposed to have been extravagant, and drove four 'Flanders mares' in his coach. But the state of the roads at that date made such a team a necessity."
Mary Cayley (d. 1743), who married Henry Maister (d. 1744), MP for Hull 1734-41, who came from a prominent merchant family. Mary died when a fire destroyed their house in Hull.
In 1730 Sir George Cayley, 4th baronet, married Philadelphia Digby (c.1706-1765), who belonged to a prominent family of Mansfield Woodhouse, Nottinghamshire. Her father John Digby (d. 1728) was a Tory MP. Members of the Digby family included a royalist general and one of the Catholics involved in the Gunpowder Plot of 1605. Sir George and Philadelphia had 13 children:
Everilda Cayley (1731-9)
Sir Thomas Cayley, 5th baronet (1732-92), who in 1763 married Isabella Seton (d. 1828), who became a fervent Methodist and went around proseletysing in Brompton and the surrounding area. The Setons were a gentry family from Scotland. Tomas and Isabella spent much of their time on the Continent, probably because of his poor health; and in Switzerland they met Voltaire.
Jane Cayley (born c.1731)
George Cayley (born c.1736)
Dorothy Cayley (born c.1737)
Frances Cayley (c.1738-1814), who married her cousin the Rev John Cayley, son of the Rev John Cayley mentioned above who married one of the Nowells. They lived at the Low Hall, Brompton.
Mary Cayley (c.1734-41)
Philadelphia Cayley (born c.1733, died in early childhood)
Arthur Cayley (born c.1739), who married Anne Eleanor Schulz. They had at least one son: another Arthur Cayley (c.1775-1848), who studied at Trinity College, Cambridge, was Rector of Normanby, Yorkshire 1814-48, and wrote biographies of Walter Raleigh and Thomas More. An unkind reviewer wrote that "he is either no favourite of the historic muse, of he does not pay her sufficiently assiduous court, for he can as yet boast of few of the fascinations and enchantments which she places at the disposal of her successful suitors." In 1803 Arthur married his cousin Lucy Cayley, daughter of his uncle Digby Cayley.
Rebecca Cayley (born c.1743)
Digby Cayley (c.1744-98), who studied at Christ's College, Cambridge, went into the church, and was rector of Thormanby, Yorkshire 1772-98. He married Elizabeth Robinson of Welburn, and they had at least three children:
- Lucy Cayley (born c.1775) who in 1803 married her first cousin Arthur Cayley
- Dorothy Cayley (c.1776-1860), who in 1801 married Francis Wrangham, who became archdeacon of the
East Riding of Yorkshire and was a poet, anti-slavery campaigner, and advocate of education of women,
Catholic rights, charity schools, free libraries, charity hospitals and other progressive social ideas.
- Frances Elizabeth Cayley (born c.1777), who married Thomas Smith
John Cayley (c.1747-1818), who had homes in York and in 1782 married Catherine Langley (c.1746-1823), daughter of Richard Langley (of Wykeham Abbey and North Grimston) and Elizabeth Boynton. They had four children: Catherine Cayley (born c.1783), George St Luke Cayley (born c.1785), Harriet Frances Cayley (born c.1787) and Philadelphia Cayley (born c.1789).
William (possibly George William) Cayley (c.1742-1801), a career naval officer who fought many times against the French and who died when his ship, the Invincible, foundered on a sandbank off the Thames estuary with the loss of over 400 men due almost certainly to the error of a local pilot.
John Digby of Mansfield Woodhouse